Uncontrolled IFR in Sweden

This is an article on uncontrolled IFR in Sweden that I wrote for the Instrument Pilot magazine. Uncontrolled IFR – the very notion evokes emotions. Depending on what you are used to opinions differ. Some pilots feel it is foolhardy at best and while permitted by EASA regulations, some national authorities attempt to ban it … Continue reading “Uncontrolled IFR in Sweden”

Use of aircraft parts without EASA Form 1.

NOTE: On May 18, 2022, an update of rule 21.A.307 will come into force. I have not yet sorted out exactly what effect that update has on the use of parts without a Form 1. It is generally believed that on certified aircraft you can only use parts that come with an EASA Form 1. … Continue reading “Use of aircraft parts without EASA Form 1.”

Rules and regulation links

Some links to web sites with rules and regulations that I’ve found useful. EASA regulations – This is EASA’s regulation portal. If you haven’t already, read my quick guide to EASA regulations. ICAO Annexes and Documents – This is perhaps esoterica, but if you really want to understand procedures and regulations you need to read … Continue reading “Rules and regulation links”

National regulations vs. EASA regulations

Within the EU we have a combination of national legislation and EU legislation (regulations). Beginning with the first EASA Basic Regulation in 2009, the EU has introduced more and more regulations concerning aviation. A principle of the EU is that regulations completely replaces national legislation for the areas they cover. I.e. EU member states are … Continue reading “National regulations vs. EASA regulations”

Do-it-yourself instrument approaches

With GPS it is easy to add an instrument approach to virtually any runway. (At least as long as the obstacle situation is reasonable). Still, we have not – at least not in Sweden – seen any such approaches to airports that didn’t already have an instrument approach. Some GPS approaches to airports without previous … Continue reading “Do-it-yourself instrument approaches”

Add-on to the DA of a CDFA?

When a 2D instrument approach procedure (a procedure without glidepath guidance, previously known as a “non-precision” approach or NPA) is flown using the recommended Continuous Descent Final Approach (CDFA) technique a decision altitude/height (DA/H) is used. Just as with 3D approaches the pilot decides at this altitude/height whether to continue with a landing or go … Continue reading “Add-on to the DA of a CDFA?”

IFR minima

This is a reference sheet I wrote to summarise the rules about IFR minima and alternate airports. Determining approach visibility minima according to the EU air ops rules is quite involved – you have to consider lots of things such as glide slope angle, approach light system, decision height… If you’re using Jeppesen plates it … Continue reading “IFR minima”

A quick guide on how to find EASA regulations

The EASA (actually EU) regulations are binding law in all EU countries. They are also, by virtue of treaties, binding in some other countries, e.g. Norway and Switzerland. So they are actually important for  our everyday flying. Most pilots get their knowledge of rules and regulations from ground school textbooks, but in my opinion every … Continue reading “A quick guide on how to find EASA regulations”